This article is self explanatory, and I hope, fun. Be honest when you grade yourself, no one but you will know 🙂
Homonyms are devilish things. They are, of course, words that sound alike—and may even be spelled alike—but have totally different meanings. Purists may niggle over the difference between homonyms and homophones, here we’ll just go with homonyms for simplicity.
For a writer, they can be like unseen vipers. Misuse of a homonym can ruin an otherwise literate document. A reader, noticing homonym errors, may simply stop reading. Whether in business documents, fiction or personal correspondence, a poorly chosen word—quite frequently a homonym—can be deadly.
But, a writer may say, “My word processor has an excellent built in spell-checker.” Good, but consider the following fictional story from WWI. How many homonym errors do you spot?
Treat this as a test, and then grade your score at the end of the article. Copy/paste the story and run it through your word processing program for a quick spell cheque (bet your software found that one). How many of the errors did your program find?
Major General Wytheby-Foster stood in the lea of his squadron’s hanger, sheltering from the vicious wind.
His aid stood nervously by, watching as his superior officer checked the fabric of each wing of every biplane. The general’s meticulous inspection had the affect of making the aid remember one of his boss’ guiding principals, “Check everything twice.”
All night long, the general had poured over the plans for today’s operation. With the terrible weather, an ariel attack on the gorilla bases was a virtually a case of the old saw, “Dammed if you do, dammed if you don’t.” Was it reasonable to send his flyers up with the wind roaring and lightening ripping the skies? Wytheby-Foster asked himself again and again.
He wasn’t a man who was phased by criticism. He had personally led squadrons of warplanes into direct battle and, on occasion, had participated in strategic faints to draw the enemy into traps. It was his flare for unconventional, but successful tactics, which had earned him his stars. Catching the enemy unawares was his fort. Today appeared to be the right time for audacity. Weather that was barely fit for flying, augered well for surprise. If his squadrons flue today, the enemy would be totally off-guard. If he ignored the opportunity, it would be a gaff, a huge waste of a military advantage. The general could not foregoe this chance.
“Brixby, form the troops.” He said to his aid. This was the queue to assemble the flyers in formation for his pre-mission address.
Once the flyers and their crews were in formation and the general had given them their orders, he told them to take care of themselves above all, he said, “I don’t want you to hesitate to bale out if necessary. You are too important to your families and the Air Service. Above all, come home. I want to complement all of you on you’re courage, but don’t sacrifice yourself on the alter of unnecessary daring-do.”
“Now go to your plains and, for your old commander, once you’ve begun your assent, give me a wave from your cockpit. Godspeed, gentlemen, we cannot afford to loose any of you,” he said as he concluded his remarks.
How many homonym errors did your computer spot? How many did you spot that the spell-checker missed?
18 – 26—Excellent-you may be an editor (or peeked)
12 – 18—Not bad, use your dictionary frequently
8 – 12—Have another proofreader look at the text before publishing
Less than 8—Some excellent homonym-finder software is available
Following are the homonym mistakes in the story: the incorrect homonym is listed first; the correct word follows. Usually the words are pronounced exactly alike. A short definition follows each word.
Hanger – one who hangs something, (e.g. wallpaper hanger) or, coat hanger
Hangar – large building with extensive floor area, typically for aircraft
Lea – an open grassy area such as a mountain valley
Lee – shelter from the elements given by an object
Aid – help of a practical nature
Aide – an assistant to an important person
Affect – make a difference
Effect – change that is the result or consequence of an action
Principals – first in order of importance
Principles – fundamental truths serving as a foundation for belief systems
Poured – causing (a liquid) to flow in a steady stream
Pored – studiously reading or studying (plans or books)
Ariel – a gazelle found in the Middle East and North Africa
Aerial – happening in the air
Gorilla – a great ape found in Africa
Guerilla – a member of a group involved in irregular warfare
Dammed – a barrier across a lake, river or stream
Damned – cursed by others
Lightening – reducing the burden or weight
Lightning – a discharge of electricity from the sky
Phased – stages in progress or development
Fazed – disturbed or disconcerted
Faints – small or weak and dizzy, leading to unconsciousness
Feints – distracting maneuvers, especially in warfare
Flare – a pyrotechnic device, esp. used as a marker or signal
Flair – an instinctive aptitude or natural ability to do something well
Fort – fortified position or group of buildings
Forte – something at which someone excels
Auger – a tool for drilling holes
Augur – predict or portend an outcome
Flue – duct for smoke or gases
Flew – past tense of fly
Gaff – a barbed spear used to land large fish
Gaffe – a blunder, causing embarrassment
Foregoe – precede in time or place
Forgo – omit or decline to take
Queue – a line or sequence of people waiting their turn
Cue – an act or word intended to serve as a signal
Plains – a large geographical area with few trees
Planes – in the context of the story, aircraft
Assent – expression of approval
Ascent – rising through the air
Loose – not tight-fitting or snug
Lose – cease to have or retain
Bale – bundle of paper, hay, cotton, etc.
Bail – in the context of this story, make an emergency parachute exit from an airplane
Daring – do – not a legitimate term
Derring–do – action displaying heroic courage
Complement – a thing that completes or brings to perfection
Compliment – an expression of praise or admiration
You’re – contraction of “you are”
Your – possessive adjective belonging to persons the speaker is addressing